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Tag: Science

Iron Age Man loved a nice bit of Swiss Cheese

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Archaeologists have uncovered evidence that production of Swiss Cheese dates back to prehistoric times, paving the way for such delicacies as Gruyere and Emmental reports Newcastle University.

An international team led by the University of York and Newcastle University looked at the composition of residues left on fragments of ceramic pots found at six sites in the Swiss Alps. The shards of pottery were known to date from Neolithic times to the Iron Age. The researchers found that the residue on those from the 1st millennium BC — the Iron Age — had the same chemical signatures associated with heating milk from animals such as cows, sheep and goats, as part of the cheesemaking process.

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Bear Bone Shows Humans Populated Ireland 2500 Years Earlier Than Realised

A remarkable archaeological discovery in a Co. Clare cave has pushed back the date of human existence in Ireland by 2,500 years. This discovery re-writes Irish archaeology and adds an entirely new chapter to human colonisation of the island – moving Ireland’s story into a new era.

Radiocarbon dating of a butchered brown bear bone, which had been stored in a cardboard box at the National Museum of Ireland for almost 100 years, has established that humans were on the island of Ireland some 12,500 years ago –2,500 earlier than previously believed reports Colm for Irish Archaeology.

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First Ancient Irish Human Genomes Sequenced

The First Ancient Irish human genomes have been sequenced Stonepages reported this month.

Geneticists from Trinity College Dublin and archaeologists from Queen’s University Belfast have sequenced the first genomes from ancient Irish humans – an early farmer woman who lived near Belfast some 5,200 years ago, and those of three men from around 4,000 years ago in the Bronze Age.
Ireland has intriguing genetics. It lies at the edge of many European genetic gradients, however the origins of this heritage are unknown.

Opinion has been divided on whether the great transitions in the British Isles – from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to one based on agriculture and later from stone to metal use – were due to local adoption of new ways, or derived from influxes of new people.  

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Scottish warlord may have helped save Welsh on the Llyn Peninsula from Irish invaders

Scientists may have discovered a link between the Picts and North Wales

Scientists may have discovered a link between the Picts and North Wales

New evidence shows a Scottish warlord may have helped save Welsh on the Llyn Peninsula from Irish invaders. If you missed it at the end of last year (2015), S4C broadcast a new TV series, called DNA Cymru which shows the results of new research into Welsh and Scottish DNA. The research was carried out as part of ScotlandsDNA – a project tracing the ancestry of the Scottish people – and the forerunner of a similar project now tracing the ancestry of the Welsh – CymruDNAWales.

The fresh scientific research has given added support to the theory mentioned in the Historia Brittonum in which a 9th century chronicler and monk, Nennius, in Wales, described a rescue.

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